Learning From the Past

The psychological impact of serve acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on healthcare workers in emergency departments and how they cope: The objectives of the present study were to examine the degree and the sources of mental distress and the coping strategies adopted by healthcare workers (HCW) of emergency departments (ED) in Hong Kong during the outbreak of serve acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Stress and psychological distress among SARS survivors 1 year after the outbreak: Study examined the stress level and psychological distress of serve acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) survivors 1 year after the outbreak.

Survey of stress reactions among healthcare workers involved with the SARS outbreak: The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was unique because it was highly concentrated in health care settings and a large number of health care workers were infected. This study investigated stress reactions among 338 staff members in a hospital in East Taiwan that discontinued emergency and outpatient services to prevent possible nosocomial outbreak. Seventeen staff members (5 percent) suffered from an acute stress disorder; stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis determined that quarantine was the most related factor. Sixty-six staff members (20 percent) felt stigmatized and rejected in their neighborhood because of their hospital work, and 20 of 218 health care workers (9 percent) reported reluctance to work or had considered resignation.

The immediate psychological and occupational impact of 2003 SARS outbreak in a teaching hospital: The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Toronto, which began Mar. 7, 2003, resulted in extraordinary public health and infection control measures. The article aimed to describe the psychological and occupational impact of this event within a large hospital in the first 4 weeks of the outbreak and the subsequent administrative and mental health response.


COVID-19: Learning from Experience: The pandemic has also brought examples of international solidarity, with the sharing of resources, information, and expertise from countries further ahead in the epidemic, or with better results in controlling the spread. China's experience will be crucial to understanding how to lift restrictions safely.


Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic: A survey was conducted in China during the initial outbreak of COVID-19. This study found that 53.8% of respondents rated the psychological impact of the outbreak as moderate or severe; 16.5% reported moderate to severe depressive symptoms; 28.8% reported moderate to severe anxiety symptoms, and 8.1% reported moderate to severe stress levels.

Applying past leadership lessons to the coronavirus pandemic: An article from McKinsey & Company in which they spoke with three senior advisers with experience in disruption and upheaval.


COVID-19 Lessons for World Leaders from Medieval Literature: An opinion piece comparing historical diseases such as the black plague to the current environment of COVID-19.